Storage performance: Intel Z87 vs. ASMedia ASM1062 vs. LSI 9211-8i

During my VT-d verification on the ASRock Z86 Extreme6 I took the opportunity to compare the performance of three different storage controllers, namely:

  • Intel Z87 (onboard)
  • ASMedia ASM1062 (onboard)
  • LSI 9211-8i (PCI-Express 8x add in card)

Below is a summary of the test setup and the results of the tests.

Test System

Native performance

Comparison of the three controllers are done with the simple hard disk benchmark tool in Ubuntu 13.10.

SSD Performance

Average read [MB/s] Average write [MB/s] Average access time [ms]
Intel Z87 516.6 527.4 0.03
ASMedia ASM1062 402.2 398.4 0.04
LSI 9211-8i 546.9 521.8 0.04


HDD Performance

Average read [MB/s] Average write [MB/s] Average access time [ms]
Intel Z87 140.3 136.1 12.4
ASMedia ASM1062 140.3 136.0 12.5
LSI 9211-8i 140.3 136.6 12.4


Passthrough Performance

Passthrough performance is measured with ESXi 5.5 installed on a USB memory and the LSI card passed through to a VM. The VM is running the same version as in the above benchmarks, ubuntu 13.10. The performance is only run with the LSI card. I really tried getting passthrough working with the ASMedia controller as this would open up to some interesting storage opportunities with this board. However, Ubuntu recognized the controller but did not find any disk attached to it. Also, now that I think about it, I have no idea why I did not think about trying to pass through the Z87 controller. Anyway, here is the comparison, SSD and HDD combined.

Average read [MB/s] Average write [MB/s] Average access time [ms]
SSD – Native 546.9 521.8 0.04
SSD – Passthrough 519.3 520.2 0.06
HDD – Native 140.3 136.6 12.4
HDD – Passthrough 140.3 136.4 12.4



Final thoughts

The ASMedia controller is not capable of handling the performance of modern SSDs. For mechanical drives there is practically no difference between the three different controllers.

I had an idea of using the Intel controller for the ESXi datastore and pass through the ASMedia controller to a VM. Then it would be possible to setup software RAID for the drives connected to the ASMedia controller. This is a solution working very well for me today with the LSI card, but it would have been nice to have an all-in-one solution.

There are some performance impacts on reads when passing through the LSI card to a VM. I have not investigated this further but it might very well be benchmark technical reasons behind it.

Some quick HDD and SSD benchmarks

I have been able to run some benchmarks on various hard drives and a solid state drive. Mostly for my own amusement to see how old drives compares to new drives. There are some desktop drives as well as some enterprise drives. Perhaps the numbers can be useful for someone.

The drives

Listed in some kind of old/slow to new/fast

  • Seagate Barracuda 7200.11 (ST31500341AS), 1.5TB
  • Seagate Barracuda 7200.12 (ST500DM002), 500GB
  • Samsung SpinPoint F3 (HD502HJ), 500GB
  • Hitachi GST Deskstar 7K1000.D (HDS721010DLE630), 1TB
  • Western Digital Red (WD20EFRX), 2TB
  • Seagate SV35.6 Series (ST2000VX000), 2TB
  • Seagate Constellation CS (ST2000NC000), 2TB
  • Seagate Constellation ES (ST3000NM0033), 3TB
  • Intel 520 SSD (SSDSC2CW240A3), 240GB

Test system

  • Asus P8Z68-V (Intel Z68 chipset)
  • Intel 2600K
  • 2x4GB RAM
  • Ubuntu Desktop 10.04.3
  • Ubuntu Disk application used for the benchmarks

The system is kind of old, but I have collected the numbers for some time and wanted to run the drives on the same platform. The drives were connected to the onboard SATA-III/6G ports, connected to the Z68 chipset.

*Update* I believe I have screwed up and actually used the SATA 3G ports for some of the drives. I will rerun the benchmark with the Constellation ES and SSD drive and update this post. The other drives are in production and I’m unable to test them.


ST31500341AS ST500DM002 HD502HJ HDS721010DLE630 WD20EFRX ST2000VX000 ST2000NC000 ST3000NM0033 SSDSC2CW240A3


I am not going to do an in depth analysis of the results, since I realize the procedure was way too sloppy. There are some really strange write results for the Constellation ES drive shown here. I tried running the same benchmark with Ubuntu 12.04 and it was more consistent with less spikes/dips.

Hopefully I will be able to post some other interesting benchmarks soon.